History of Bihar, Languages, Culture, Ancient, Medieval


A Bihar occupied an important
position in the early history of India.

For centuries it was the
principal seat of imperial powers
and the main focus of Indian
culture and civilization.

The derivation of the name Bihar
from the Sanskrit vihara reflects the prominence of such
communities in the region in
ancient times.

Area covers 38,301 square miles. In ancient and classical India, the area that is now Bihar was considered a centre of power, learning, and culture.

From Magadha arose India’s first
empire, the Maurya empire, as well as one of the world’s most widely
adhered-to religions: Buddhism.

Magadha empires, notably under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties, unified large parts of South Asia under a central rule.

Another region of Bihar is Mithila which was an early centre of learning and the centre of the Videha kingdom.

History of Bihar :-

Ancient Period

Chirand, on the northern bank of the Ganga River, in Saran district, has an archaeological record from the Neolithic age (2500-1345BC).

Based on the information found in texts pertaining to Jainism and Buddhism, Vajji was established as a republic by the 6th century BCE, before the birth of Gautama Buddha in 563 BCE, making it the first known republic in India.

The Haryanka dynasty, founded in 684 BC and replaced by many dynasties
then Maurya Dynasty ruled.

Medieval Period

Buddhism in Magadha went into decline due to the invasion of Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji,

during which many of the viharas were destroyed along with the universities of Nalanda and Vikramashila.

The tenth and the last guru of Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh, was born in Patna in 1966.

Colonial Era

After the Battle of Buxar (1764), the British East India Company obtained the diwani rights (rights to administer and collect tax revenue) for Bihar.

A number of agriculture-based industries had been started in Bihar by foreign entrepreneurs.

Pre- and Post-Independence

Farmers in Champaran had revolted against indigo cultivation in 1914 (at Pipra) and 1916 (Turkaulia). In April 1917, Mahatma Gandhi visited Champaran.

The Champaran Satyagraha that followed received support from many Bihari nationalists, such as Rajendra Prasad and Anugrah Narayan Sinha.


Surajapuri and many others


Fig. Mithila Painting

• Paintings (Mithila painting)
• Performing Arts
• Cinema…..etc

Attractions Of Bihar

Mahabodhi Temple
Patna Museum
Brabar Caves
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park

Takhat Sri Harimandir Ji, Patna Sahib
Giant Buddha
Sher Shah Suri Tomb
The Mahavir Swami Birthplace & Temple, Vaishali
Kakolat Falls

Kawar Jheel
Mahavir Mandir, Patna
Vishwa Shanti Stupa, Vaishali & Rajgir
Bihar Museum
Mandar Hill

Kesariya Buddha Stupa
Rohtasgarh Fort
Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary
Ajatsatru Fort
Shergarh Fort

Ghora Katora Lake
Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary
Ram Janki Mandir and Sita Kund
Pind Daan Gaya
Ashoka Stupa
Rajgir Hills


Click to know about Mahavira

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